Argyle Shirts: diamond-shaped rectangles in a diagonal alternating (checkerboard) arrangement. Diamond Pattern.Typically uses a small number (two or three) colors. Mostly used in knitted fabrics. An alternative spelling is “Argyll pattern“. An Argyle Pattern is made diamonds or lozenges. The word is sometimes used to refer to an individual diamond in the design, but more commonly refers to the overall pattern. Most argyle shirts contains layers of overlapping motifs, adding a sense of three-dimensionality, movement, and texture. Typically, there is an overlay of intercrossing diagonal lines on solid diamonds.
The argyle pattern derives from thetartanofClan Campbell, ofArgyllin westernScotland,used for kilts andplaids, and from the patterned socks worn by Scottish Highlanders since at least the 17th century (see illustrations in History of the kilt). These were generally known as "tartan hose".